What is Anish Kapoor’s ‘Descension’?
This installation by Anish Kapoor is a depiction of the fluidity and motion of water as a liquid mass and the void into which it descends. Descension is an impressive sculpture that depicts water’s continuous swirling motion as it rushes down an 8m (26-ft) diameter vortex representing a powerful physical form that is sucked into the earth. This art piece induces a mesmerized feeling in the audience when viewing the perpetual black water being pulled down into an unknown interior.
Different meanings of the artwork
Descension also induces a visceral feeling like the center is an abyss that seems bottomless and which sucks the water that spins into a vortex as it descends into this abyss. As such, the installation conveys different meanings and feelings based on the viewer’s own experiences. For instance, while some may view it as a transience of humanity’s existence, to others, it looks like a portal into a different world or even, a window into the past or future.
The whirlpool & politics
According to Kapoor, the pool is also a representation of the current state of affairs in America regarding politics for which he is vocal about. Indeed, the artist has since formed a coalition of over 200 creatives to engage in art exhibitions aimed at confronting right-wing populism. Dubbed ‘Hands off Our Revolution,’ the coalition will use contemporary art forms in its exhibitions.
How does it work?
The work was created using pipes and was powered by a recirculating discharge pump. The pull of the water descending into unknowable depths attracts the audience and activates their perceptions as they try to guess what’s beyond the vortex that pulls the water in such a spinning vortex fashion. The installation was surrounded by a railing to enable viewers to peer into the depths of the whirlpool.
Material used for ‘Descension’
Like in all his works, Anish Kapoor makes use of ordinary materials and elements to create art that induces a strong feeling in viewers. In this case, he used water and artificial black dye to create the effect of swirling motion and a seemingly bottomless pool into which the water spins. Later, he did away with black dye to leave the water in its natural color as a resemblance to the water in the East River of Brooklyn, New York.
About Anish Kapoor
Anish Kapoor was born in 1954 in India’s Mumbai area and moved to London in the early 1970s where he attended art school and continues to live and create inventive art. He created artworks using materials such as stone, stainless steel, resin, raw pigment, wax and synthetic polymer among others while also displaying a healthy obsession with water as a sculptural potential as seen in Descension.
‘Decension’ at Château de Versailles, France, 2015
‘Decension’ at Brooklyn Bridge Park, New York, 2017
‘Decension’ at Galleria Continua, San Gimignano, Italy, 2015
All images: James Ewing & Public Art Fund/publicartfund.org & Anish Kapoor/anishkapoor.com unless otherwise noted.
Anish Kapoor talks about ‘Descension’
‘Descension’ at Galleria Continua
- Scale of Anish Kapoor’s sculpture is frighteningly extraordinary
- Anish Kapoor’s Leviathan at Grand Palais – His most impressive work yet?
- Also at Versailles: Olafur Eliasson’s surprising freestanding waterfall at famous landmark
- Also at Versailles: Would you pay $58m for Jeff Koon’s shiny balloon dog?
- Jaume Plensa’s giant outdoor sculpture spits out water