Alexander Gronsky & Norilsk – The most depressing city on earth

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Introduction

Norilsk by Alexander Gronsky is a photographic series that can trace its origins back to 2013. Norilsk was created after Gronsky’s popular works Pastoral1 (2013). Unlike Pastoral, however, which was clearly set in the Soviet suburbia and designed to open individuals up to nature, Norilsk carried a much darker and gloomier tone.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Norilsk was a photographic account created to shed light on an overcome and confounded Siberian industrial landscape. It was made to resemble the long journey through sheer deterioration and fruitlessness, with no hope in sight.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Who is Alexander Gronsky?

Alexander Gronsky was born in Tallinn in 1980. His works have focused primarily on the growth and consequent deterioration and decay of the USSR society since 2008. His works often feature Russian towns found far away from Moscow, such as Murmansk or Norilsk.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Speaking about working in Russia, Gronsky explains2:

Russia is visually under-explored. My own description would involve vast expanses where an individual is not discernable. Russia is generally “cold”, and communication between individuals is difficult. But this perception is so personal. It is not Russia that I take pictures of, it is more like Russia has a lot of what interests me, serves my goals. I am not aiming at becoming a Russia’s visual definer.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Although his works certainly feature a dark component, they have always been quite hard to read, with landscapes being mostly done out of scale and human beings represented as purely anecdotal features. Because people do not seem to fit into their environments, the oppression faced by the population is often visible in many, if not all, of Gronsky’s works.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Composition

Norilsk is the second largest town in the Arctic Circle. Gronsky’s photos depict Norilsk as a ghost town. Based on the northern location of the city and the state of vegetation, the images could have been captured during summer nights, which could explain why there are no people observed in the streets.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

The only people captured in the photographs seemed to be engaging in random activities such as waiting for the bus. This lack of human population went a long way in emphasizing the lifelessness of the city. In most of the images, Norilsk remains deserted, while each photo also features the background of the city, with all the components represented out of scale.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Analysis

The northern cities in Russia feature grand settlements where residents are dwarfed by the massive factories they have created and the industrial waste that accompanies such settlements. As one of the most well-known photographers, Gronsky’s images of Norilsk seem both realistic and ethereal.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

Speaking about his photography in an interview, Gronsky commented3:

I look to find how the world changes. I want to see something that is ugly now, that we will call “beauty” in due time, and yet later, commonplace. It is the most neglected, the most everyday, where the roots of change sprout from. I am very much interested of the notion of the border – where two different systems of life clash – and in the ensuing chaos: visual, social, or other. It is this scar tissue where the new systems are conceived.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

In Gronsky’s photographs, Norilsk is represented as an industrial wasteland where the surroundings are characterized by waste. At the same time, Norilsk is also shown as a place of beauty that has a massive potential to help its population and the community’s progress. Norilsk embodies the aftermath of a social, economic and ecological disaster that sheds light on the failure of a democratic system.

Alexander Gronsky - Norilsk, Russia, 2013
Alexander Gronsky – Norilsk, Russia, 2013

All images: Alexander Gronsky unless otherwise noted.

More Norilsk photos

Footnotes

  1. https://www.alexandergronsky.com/pastoral
  2. https://grinberggallery.com/interview-alexander-gronsky-specially-kikimora-magazine-poland-2013/
  3. https://grinberggallery.com/interview-alexander-gronsky-specially-kikimora-magazine-poland-2013/

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