Photography encompasses the practice or process of producing an image through the effect of light on a photo-sensitive material. It is undoubtedly one of the most popular and widely available media in contemporary art, having been invented in the late 1830s. Since then, the many different styles and forms of photography have grown exponentially in popularity.
There are numerous approaches to photography, from photo-abstraction to photojournalism and docu-photography. Meanwhile, photography movements have emerged from almost every generation, and they range from the Düsseldorf School and Diaristic Photography to New American Color Photography and Modern Photography.