Jaume Plensa’s stunning larger-than-life sculptures

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Jaume Plensa – East Pacific Soul, 2016, Stainless steel, 300 x 223 x 225 cm

Jaume Plensa – East Pacific Soul, 2016, Stainless steel, 300 x 223 x 225 cm

Published: January 23, 2017

Last updated:

Who is Jaume Plensa?

Jaume Plensa is arguably one of the top sculptors today. He is largely known for creating huge ethereal sculptures and has also worked with different other types of contemporary art media, including from acoustic installations to video projections. Plensa is especially known for his large-scale, ethereal projects, which he installed in public spaces of major cities around the world, as well as museums and art galleries. Plensa manages to express his ideas by installing lots of his projects in the public spaces, allowing the pieces to be animated by the city as well as its dwellers.

Jaume Plensa - Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Madison Square Park, New York City in 2011, Photo James Ewing

Jaume Plensa – Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Madison Square Park, New York City in 2011, photo: James Ewing

Education & Teaching

Jaume Plensa was born in 1955 in Barcelona and studied at Sant Jordi School of Fine Arts and Llotja Scholl of Art and Design. Since he started exhibition in 1980 in his home city of Barcelona, Plensa has lived and worked in Brussels, France, Berlin, England, the United States, and the back in Barcelona.

He has worked as a teacher at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts in the city of Paris and is regularly in contact with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago as a part-time professor. Plensa has traversed the world, giving lectures and courses at universities, cultural institutions, and museums.

How does he create his sculptures?

Jaume Plensa usually starts his sculptures by making 3D digital images of his object or subject. Then using computer modeling, he designs the images by elongating it and abstracting the features, changing the details to lose the “journalistic sense of the portrait to become an icon.” Using an industrial prototyping device, he generates a plastic-foam model on the scale, which he models by hands. The artist repeats the process many times before making a full-size sculpture. Plensa uses a variety of media to express his thoughts, including glass, aluminum, bronze, water, light, steel, video, and sound. He has also produced an extensive amount of works on paper.

Jaume Plensa - Construction of Julia, 2018

Jaume Plensa – Construction of Julia, 2018, photo: Fotogasull

Jaume Plensa - Construction of Julia, 2018

Jaume Plensa – Construction of Julia, 2018, photo: Fotogasull

The ideas behind his work

Why public space?

Explaining why he like displaying in public spaces, Jaume Plensa said: “Public spaces are the ones that allowed me to become well-known, but the reason why is simply because normally nobody assigns to them the value of a first category place. They are considered substitutes, as the typical “round-about.” But roundabouts are neither good nor bad: it depends on what we do with them, like everything in life. For me, public spaces are very interesting for sculpture and art in general. In public spaces, a kind of direct relationship between people, who have not sought it, and the artist comes to life. It is a relevant artistic issue. It represents the artist among other people, and thus, the piece of art must be very respectful. Public spaces do not belong to artists: they belong to everybody, to people as citizens and as individuals as well. The artist thus needs a lot of humility.”

Romanticism & beauty

By juxtaposing the poetic and the intellectual, Jaume Plensa manages to come up with evocative sculptures that have a robust conceptual foundation. While most conceptual artists usually feel the need for refusing beauty to convey ideas, the romanticism and beauty of Plensa’s sculptures are able to make his ideas more tangible. He primarily does this through the interaction between the sculpture and the viewers. His sculptures are often placed in busy and chaotic public spaces to provide a sanctified haven in which the inhabitants can play, laugh, reunite, relax, or collect themselves.

Jaume Plensa - Looking Into My Dreams, Awilda, Millennium Park, Chicago, 2016, Photo City of Chicago : Patrick Pyszka
Jaume Plensa – Looking Into My Dreams, Awilda, Millennium Park, Chicago, 2016
Photo: Patrick Pyszka/archpaper.com

Interaction with the public

The interaction between his work and the audience and the entire city, in general, gives a breath of life to Plensa’s sculptures. Even in all the chaos and hustle of city life, Plensa’s work provides a sanctified haven where people can play, laugh, collect themselves or reunite.

Material

The artist has tried over the years, to communicate the internal versus external, the collective versus individual, and private versus public space. These ideas can also be seen in his most recognizable sculptures; for instance, in his immaculate sculptures of angelic teenage girl’s faces and human bodies. He uses alabaster stone and a combination of brightly colored LED lighting to highlight the translucency and link the internal psychological thoughts of a human with the exterior façade. His works indicate how he grants the element of presence to his concepts, which are usually not cold or hostile, but gentle and welcoming.

Plensa consistently made sculptures with their eyes closed, portraying their isolation from the world and the link to their inner self. However, despite their withdrawal from the world, their outer space still brings them to life by projecting an element of naturalist throughout their unearthly structures. This way, the artist, again, successfully connects two opposites.

Jaume Plensa – Awilda, Salzburg University , Salzburg, Austria 2010, Courtesy Salzburg Foundation, Photo Wolfgang Lienbacher 3
Jaume Plensa – Awilda, Salzburg University, Salzburg, Austria, 2010
Photo: Wolfgang Lienbacher/salzburgfoundation.at

What inspires Plensa?

Jaume Plensa is an ardent reader and his work is inspired by poetry and literature. He cites Shakespeare, Goethe, and Black as some of his major inspirations. Throughout his works, Plensa has managed on numerous occasions to bring physicality to the intangible sounds of verbal language and poetry, paying homage to his deep love of all things literature. This includes works like the Nomade sculpture that allows the audience to look through the spaces between the letters and see mankind as a single unified piece. Doing this, he is not trying to express the meaning of words, rather the material essence. The letters used in the sculptures are not necessarily sensible in terms of words and sentences. However, they serve to establish the traditional nature of language and its fundamental essence, which functions as a symbol.

Jaume Plensa - Nomade, 2007, painted steel, Pappajohn Sculpture Park, Greater Des Moines, Iowa, USA, 2010

Jaume Plensa – Nomade, 2007, painted steel, Pappajohn Sculpture Park, Greater Des Moines, Iowa, USA, 2010

Conclusion

With different materials, it means that the shape of his work took different formations, and despite this, Plensa maintains that all his works are the embodiment of the same core concept. In all his works, Plensa tries to avoid negative assertions and instead, propagate only hope, unity, and beauty, and create the feeling of togetherness despite the societal hurdles that discrete humankind. Plensa’s main idea throughout his works is a gentle look on all of us and our connection with the external and internal world. If one can keenly peep through the hollows between the letters used to build the sculpture, you will be able to see humanity as a whole.

Video: The Iconic Public Sculpture Art of Jaume Plensa

24min 9sec

Artworks & Projects

Recent works (2018)

The largest project ever made by Plensa to date is the Crown Fountain. It was installed in Chicago’s Millennium Park back in 2004, and quickly became one of his most prominent works. Crown Fountain led to numerous commissions, piling to the list of projects by the artist in public spaces. Some of the most recent projects include Pacific Soul (2018) in San Diego, California, Julia (2018) in Madrid, Spain, and Voices (2018) installed in 30 Hudson Yards, New York and Behind the Walls (2018) installed at New York’s Rockefeller Center.

Jaume Plensa - Pacific Soul, 2018, Pacific Gate, San Diego, California, painted stainless, steel 800 x 450 x 560 cm

Jaume Plensa – Pacific Soul, 2018, Pacific Gate, San Diego, California, painted stainless steel, 800 x 450 x 560 cm

Jaume Plensa - Julia, 2018, Plaza de Colón de Madrid

Jaume Plensa – Julia, 2018, Plaza de Colón de Madrid, photo: revistadearte.com

Jaume Plensa - Voices, 2018, 30 Hudson Yards, New York

Jaume Plensa – Voices, 2018, 30 Hudson Yards, New York, photo: Joe Woolhead/Related-Oxford

Jaume Plensa - Behind the Walls, 2018, polyester resin and marble dust, 750 x 278 x 310 cm, Rockefeller Center, New York, USA

Jaume Plensa – Behind the Walls, 2018, polyester resin and marble dust, 750 x 278 x 310 cm, Rockefeller Center, New York, USA

Alchemist, 2010

Alchemist was installed in 2010 at the entrance of the Stratton Student Center overlooking the main gate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts as well as other universities.

The work is a hollow seated sculpture just like most of Plensa’s works, except that this one is made of lots of numbers and mathematical symbols. Alchemist is a dedication to MIT’s traditional STEM-styled teaching and research.

Jaume Plensa – Body of Knowledge, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 2010 1
Jaume Plensa – Alchemist, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 2010

Jaume Plensa – Body of Knowledge, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 2010 3
Jaume Plensa – Alchemist, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 2010

Jaume Plensa – Body of Knowledge, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 2010 3
Jaume Plensa – Alchemist, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, 2010

Crown Fountain, 2004

The most successful work of the artist to date in the public place is the Crown Fountain in Chicago’s Millennium Park1. The sculpture is formed by two perpendicular towers adorned with LED screens, and it easily explains why the artist’s career went straight to the top after its installation. The fountain on the sculpture has made the park one of the most visited playgrounds in the city. Even Plensa himself couldn’t resist it as he revealed he like visiting the sculpture to see how people interact with it. While especially Crown Found offers a distinguished playful experience, this work still conveys the artist’s underlying ideas. The sculptures depict the presence of duality, which can be noticed across Plensa’s works.

Dream, 2009

Dream was first installed in Liverpool in 2007. The sculpture comprises of an elongated silvery structure, rising 20 meters high and weighing about 500 tons. The statue was carved to depict the bust of a young girl with her eyes closed, resembling someone in deep meditation. The exterior of the sculpture is layered in glittering white dolomite. Plensa chose this material instead of coal, which is mined in abundance in the region.

Jaume Plensa - Dream, 2009, Dolomite on cast concrete, Sutton, St Helens, Merseyside, United Kingdom
Jaume Plensa – Dream, 2009, Dolomite on cast concrete, Sutton, St Helens, Merseyside, United Kingdom

Echo, 2011

When constructing Echo, the bust was cast in fifteen pieces in Spain and lumped together using steel scaffolding. Speaking about the unique process, Plensa stated: “It comes from an old tradition that the Romans used when they built the columns in their temples. They built them in slabs with a very thin sheet of lead in between. It produces an amazing sense of transparency.”

Jaume Plensa - Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, USA 1
Jaume Plensa – Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, USA

Jaume Plensa - Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, USA 1
Jaume Plensa – Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, USA

Jaume Plensa - Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, USA 1
Jaume Plensa – Echo, polyester resin, marble dust, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, USA

Exhibition at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 2011

Back in 2011, numerous of the artist’s works and sculptures have been displayed at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park in West Bretton, England. Due to the large size of the exhibition, the site was awarded a national recognition honor as the Most Magnificent Attraction in 2011. Up to this day, this project remains the most encompassing exhibition to be devoted to the work of the artist.

Jaume Plensa - Irma-Nuria, 2010, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Bretton, West Yorkshire, England 1
Jaume Plensa – Irma-Nuria, 2010, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Bretton, West Yorkshire, England

Jaume Plensa - Irma-Nuria, 2010, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Bretton, West Yorkshire, England 2
Jaume Plensa – Irma-Nuria, 2010, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Bretton, West Yorkshire, England
Photo: richbd/flickr.com

Human Landscape, 2015-2016

Between the year 2015 and 2016, the project Human Landscape has voyaged across a number of North American museums such as Cheekwood Estate and Gardens and The Frist Center for the Visual Arts in Nashville, Tennessee, the Tampa Museum of Art in Tampa, Florida, as well as the Toledo Museum of Art in Toledo, Ohio.

Jaume Plensa - Awilda and Irma, 2014, Stainless steel, 400 x 400 x 300 cm (each), Around 600 Kg (each), Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art, Nashville, Tennessee. 2015, Photo Dean Dixon
Jaume Plensa – Awilda and Laura, 2014, Stainless steel, 400 x 400 x 300 cm (each), Around 600 Kg (each), Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art, Nashville, Tennessee, 2015
Photo: Dean Dixon/ncartmuseum.org

Jaume Plensa - Soul of Words I and II, 2014. Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art, Nashville, Tennessee. 2015. Courtesy Galerie Lelong, New York, Photo Dean Dixon
Jaume Plensa – Soul of Words I and II, 2014, Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art, Nashville, Tennessee, 2015
Photo: Dean Dixon/jaumeplensa.com

Jaume Plensa - Awilda and Irma, 2014, Stainless steel, 400 x 400 x 300 cm (each), Around 600 Kg (each), Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio, USA, 2016
Jaume Plensa – Awilda and Laura, 2014, Stainless steel, 400 x 400 x 300 cm (each), Around 600 Kg (each), Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio, USA, 2016

Jaume Plensa - Paula, 2013, Bronze, 179 x 63 x 63 cm, Toledo Museum of Art, 2016, Photo The Blade:Andy Morrison
Jaume Plensa – Paula, 2013, Bronze, 179 x 63 x 63 cm, Toledo Museum of Art, 2016
Photo: Andy Morrison/toledoblade.com

Solid sculptures

Jaume Plensa - Sanna, 2014
Jaume Plensa – Sanna, 2014, marble, 324 x 140 x 100 cm

Jaume Plensa - Sanna, Donum Estate, Sonoma, California
Jaume Plensa – Sanna, 2014, marble, 324 x 140 x 100 cm, Donum Estate, Sonoma, California
Photo: Robert Berg/mymodernmet.com

Jaume Plensa - Sanna, Donum Estate, Sonoma, California
Jaume Plensa – Sanna, 2014, marble, 324 x 140 x 100 cm, Donum Estate, Sonoma, California
Photo: Robert Berg/mymodernmet.com

Jaume Plensa - Awilda and Laura, Palm Springs Art Museum, California, USA, Photo David Blank
Jaume Plensa – Awilda and Laura, 2014, Palm Springs Art Museum, California, USA
Photo: David Blank/businesswire.com

Jaume Plensa – Awilda, Salzburg University , Salzburg, Austria 2010, Courtesy Salzburg Foundation, Photo Wolfgang Lienbacher 1
Jaume Plensa – Awilda, Salzburg University, Salzburg, Austria, 2010
Photo: Wolfgang Lienbacher/salzburgfoundation.at

Jaume Plensa – Awilda, Salzburg University , Salzburg, Austria 2010, Courtesy Salzburg Foundation, Photo Wolfgang Lienbacher 2
Jaume Plensa – Awilda, Salzburg University, Salzburg, Austria, 2010
Photo: Wolfgang Lienbacher/salzburgfoundation.at

Jaume Plensa - Looking Into My Dreams, Awilda, Botafogo Beach, Brazil, Photo Christophe Simon
Jaume Plensa – Looking Into My Dreams, Awilda, Botafogo Beach, Brazil
Photo: Christophe Simon/inhabitat.com

Jaume Plensa – Looking into my dreams, Awilda, 2012, Perez Art Museum Miami, Florida, 2016, Polyester resin and marble dust, 12 m x 351 x 437 cm

Jaume Plensa – Looking into my dreams, Awilda, 2012, Pérez Art Museum Miami, Florida, 2016, Polyester resin and marble dust, 1,200 x 351 x 437 cm

Jaume Plensa - Rui Rui (V2), 2014, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Cast iron, 450 x 205 x 66 cm
Jaume Plensa – Rui Rui (V2), 2014, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Cast iron, 450 x 205 x 66 cm

Jaume Plensa - In my faith, in my hope, in my love, 2018, Fredrikstad, Norway, Cast iron, 3 elements of 4,25 meter high
Jaume Plensa – In my faith, in my hope, in my love, 2018, Fredrikstad, Norway, Cast iron, 3 elements of 4,25 meter high
Photo: André Løyning/skulpturstopp.no

Jaume Plensa - Duna, 2014, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Jaume Plensa – Duna, 2014, Rotterdam, Netherlands

Grid sculptures

Jaume Plensa - Wonderland, 2012, Painted stainless steel, 12 meters high, The Bow, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Jaume Plensa – Wonderland, 2012, painted stainless steel, 12 meters high, The Bow, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Jaume Plensa - Together, 2014, San Gorgio Maggiore, Venice, Italy
Jaume Plensa – Together, 2014, San Gorgio Maggiore, Venice, Italy

Alphabet sculptures

Jaume Plensa - East Pacific Soul, 2016, Stainless steel, 300 x 223 x 225 cm
Jaume Plensa – East Pacific Soul, 2016, Stainless steel, 300 x 223 x 225 cm

Jaume Plensa - Irma's White Head, 2008, enameled stainless steel, Place Vendome, Paris, France, 2012
Jaume Plensa – Irma's White Head, 2008, enameled stainless steel, Place Vendome, Paris, France, 2012

Jaume Plensa - Twins I and II, 2009
Jaume Plensa – Twins I and II, 2009
Photo: Gasull Fotografia/jaumeplensa.com

Glowing LED sculptures

Jaume Plensa - Air, Water, Void, 2014, 215 x 500 x 500 cm, Schaezlerpalais Festsaal, Kunstsammlungen Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany 1
Jaume Plensa – Air, Water, Void, 2014, 215 x 500 x 500 cm, Schaezlerpalais Festsaal, Kunstsammlungen Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany

Jaume Plensa - Air, Water, Void, 2014, 215 x 500 x 500 cm, Schaezlerpalais Festsaal, Kunstsammlungen Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany 2
Jaume Plensa – Air, Water, Void, 2014, 215 x 500 x 500 cm, Schaezlerpalais Festsaal, Kunstsammlungen Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany

All images by Jaume Plensa/jaumeplensa.com unless otherwise noted.

More

Other important works
  1. https://publicdelivery.org/jaume-plensa-crown-fountain/
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