Jeff Koons – New Hoover Celebrity IV, New Hoover Convertible, New Shelton 5 Gallon Wet/Dry, New Shelton 10 Gallon Wet/Dry Doubledecker, 1981-1986, four vacuum cleaners, acrylic, fluorescent lights, 251.5 x 135.9 x 71.1 cm
About Jeff Koons
Jeff Koons is a quintessential neo-pop artist. It is not surprising, therefore, to find artworks made by this legendary contemporary artist fashioned from random trinkets that you would find at a neighborhood yard sale. The components used to create his pieces may not be considered fine art or sophisticated by any means.
“Art has this ability to allow you to connect back through history in the same way that biology does. I’m always looking for source material.” – Jeff Koons
Hybrid of fine art and popular culture
However, the end result is an ingenious transformation that has caused immense commercial success for Koons. His artwork is definitely a fine hybrid of fine art and popular culture. Anyone that analyses his pieces such as Koon’s The New, will see that his work speaks volumes about the contemporary society that we live in today.
Born in Pennsylvania, Jeff Koons was heavily inspired by the works of Salvador Dali at a young age. But it wasn’t until he encountered the pop art movement and Andy Warhol’s work that his artistic direction begun to take on a neo-pop approach. Regarded as both a technologist and an artist in the same breadth, Koon is credited with coming up with unique fabrication techniques that have inspired other artists all over the globe.
‘The New’, 1980
Between the years of 1979 and 1980, Jeff Koon primarily worked on The New series. His works at the beginning were based on conceptual structures. The New was created in 1980 after completing his first conceptual sculpture series which he titled Pre-New. The New featured a series of vacuum cleaners from popular brand names that appealed to Koons.
How Koons created the work
In the New, Koon stacked two unused vacuum cleaners on top of each other and sealed them hermetically in a well-lit Plexiglas box. The lighting of the fluorescent bulbs in the display window is what caused the art installation to appear like a typical display that you would find in an appliance store rather than a high-end piece of art that you would expect to find in a gallery. Perhaps the stand out feature of each artwork in “The New” series was the use of fluorescent lighting. This gave them some sort of gleaming appeal that attracted fans from right, left, and center.
Where & how did he show this work?
Koons first exhibited The New at the New Museum in New York in 1980. He opted to use only a limited combination of different vacuums. At the gallery space, Koons had arranged the vacuums vertically and displayed them as if they were in a showroom, with just the simple words the New brandished across the display.
‘New Hoover Convertibles Green, Blue; New Hoover Convertibles Green, Blue; Double Decker, 1981-1987’
Jeff Koons – New Hoover Convertibles Green, Blue, New Hoover Convertibles, Green, Blue Doubledecker, 1981–7, 4 vacuum cleaners, Perspex and fluorescent lights, 251 x 137 x 71,5 cm
Photos: Whitney Museum of American Art/whitney.org
The first in Jeff Koons’ Hoover series is a system of wall-mounted Vacuum cleaners encased in plexiglass vitrines at The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. According to him, the vacuum cleaner is one of the most ubiquitous household equipment in American households, and displays both “male and female sexuality tendencies.” From 1981 to 1987, Koons continued to create several different configurations using banal or ready-made elements, and the resulting artworks were quite a sight. This body of work, collectively known as “The New,” played a huge role in the rise of Jeff Koons to fame. They all explored the way our desires and fantasies are manifested in everyday objects.
With this work, Koon’s use of the vacuum cleaner has a considerable significance. Through this series, he explores society’s commercialization of new appliances and commodities. Basically, he was mocking society for its fascination with new things. He was also commenting on the relationship between human beings and their commodities and how these commodities impact human behavior, their thoughts, and their sexuality.
Video: Jeff Koons discusses his series ‘The New’
Photos: ‘The New’
Jeff Koons – New Hoover Convertibles, Green, Red, Brown, New Shelton Wet/Dry 10 Gallon Displaced Doubledecker, 1981–87, 4 vacuum cleaners, Perspex and fluorescent lights, 251 x 137 x 71,5 cm
Jeff Koons – New Hoover Convertibles, New Shelton Wet/Drys 5-Gallon, Double Decker, 1981-1986, New Hoover Convertibles, New Shelton Wet/Drys 5-Gallon, Double Decker & two Hoover Convertibles, two Shelton Wet/Drys, acrylic and fluorescent lighting, 251.5 x 104.1 x 71.1 cm
Jeff Koons – New Shelton Wet/Drys 10 Gallon, New Shelton Wet/Drys 5 Gallon Doubledecker, 1981-1986, four vacuum cleaners, acrylic, fluorescent lighting, 208.3 x 132.1 x 71.1 cm
Jeff Koons – New Hoover Celebrity IV, New Hoover Convertible, New Shelton 5 Gallon Wet/Dry, New Shelton 10 Gallon Wet/Dry Doubledecker, 1986, Four vacuum cleaners, acrylic, fluorescent lights, 251.5 x 135.9 x 71.1 cm
Jeff Koons – New Hoover Deluxe Shampoo Polishers, New Shelton Wet/Dry 10-gallon Displaced Tripledecker, 1981-87, Shampoo polishers, vacuum cleaner, Plexiglas, and fluorescent tubes, 231.1 × 137.2 × 71.1 cm
Jeff Koons – New Hoover Convertibles, Green, Red, Brown, New Hoover Deluxe Shampoo Polishers, Yellow, Brown Doubledecker, 1981-87, Three vacuum cleaners, two shampoo polishers, and fluorescent lights in Plexiglas casing, 210 x 137 x 71 cm
Image: Tim Nighswander/artandseek.org
All images by Jeff Koons/jeffkoons.com unless otherwise noted.
Other important works
- Would you pay $58m for Jeff Koon’s shiny balloon dog?
- Michael Jackson and Bubbles, 1988 is a larger-than-life banal sculpture has over the years been one of the most controversial works ever created by Jeff Koons.