Song Dong’s Waste Not – Why obsessive hoarding lead to this project

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Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, MOMA, 2006
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Vancouver Art Gallery, 2010
Photo: Vancouver Art Gallery/vanartgallery.bc.ca

Published on: Wednesday May 1, 2019

Last updated

Introduction

Song Dong’s Waste Not is an installation with a story behind it. A testament born of the artist’s mother, Zhao Xiangyuan’s hoardings, the installation consists of tools, plant pots, chairs, empty squeezed out tubes of toothpaste, television sets, all collected over a span of five decades. This obsessive hoarding of items resulted in an accumulation of everyday objects and at first glance, Waste Not seems like a messy room full of used up items and rubbish. However, it has a powerful message that speaks volumes of the Chinese culture, memory and how social and political changes wrought changes in people.

A message about consumerism

It is a showcase of past times when there was no cavalier attitude towards disposable consumerism and instead there was a ‘waste not’ approach towards life. For Song Dong’s mother, everything could be hoarded and she did. From biscuit tins, to empty fast food and drink containers, crockery, blankets, record players, shoes, plastic bottles and childhood toys all of which hold memories.

The story behind it

‘Waste Not’ is a culmination of Xiangyuan’s hoarded items. She took to the extreme the Chinese ‘Wù jìn qí yòng’ (物尽其用) waste not philosophy as a survival tactic in a period when the country was experiencing shortage and fear due to the political and social turmoil, the Cultural Revolution1 as well as the natural disasters experienced during her childhood. Another contributing factor to Xiangyuan’s hoarding was the unexpected death of her husband which resulted in a state of grief and depression and a void created by the immense loss.

Song Dong - Family Number Photo Studio (1998:2011)
Song Dong – Family Number Photo Studio, 1998/2011

The meaning of the exhibition

While the installation was initially a collaboration between Song Dong and his mother, after her death in 2009, he remakes the exhibition as a process of grieving to commemorate his mother as well as bring together the entire family again. He remakes this exhibition with his sister’s and wife’s help. In doing so, it is a rekindling of memories and evoking powerful emotions through rediscovering personal family objects and objects his mother liked, used and kept. In the 2005 exhibition, Song and Xiangyuan created a neon sign facing the stars with a message to his father, “Dad, don’t worry, mum and all the family are well.”

Analysis

Therefore, his installation acts as a way of memorializing and reminiscing. It is a bittersweet journey of loss, hardship, and resilience where through the installation in cataloging the objects she had accumulated through the years, Song Dong’s mother was able to share her childhood memory and overcome her pain.

About the artist

Song Dong is a Chinese conceptual artist born in 1966. He is renowned for his artwork combining different styles and aspects such as performance, photography, sculpture, video and installation. He is particularly enticed by notions of the transience and impermanence and this is evident in his work even as he elates everyday realities and concerns. He is widely exhibited and graduated from Normal University in 1989.

Photos

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Photo: Jane Hobson/barbican.org.uk

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Groninger Museum
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Groninger Museum
Photo: Groninger Museum/groningermuseum.nl

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Vancouver Art Gallery, 2010
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Vancouver Art Gallery, 2010

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Photo: Jane Hobson/barbican.org.uk

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Photo: Richard Kelly Photography/theworldofhorsebones.blogspot.com

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

t Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

t Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Groninger Museum
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Groninger Museum

Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, MoMA, 2006
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, MoMA, New York, 2006

t Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Groninger Museum
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Groninger Museum
Photo: Groninger Museum/groningermuseum.nl

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

t Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Photo: Jane Hobson/barbican.org.uk

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012

Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Barbican Art Gallery, 2012
Photo: Richard Kelly Photography/theworldofhorsebones.blogspot.com

t Song Dong - Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks in Sydney, 2013
Song Dong – Waste Not, 2005, Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013
Photo: Luise Guest/carriageworks.com.au

All images: Song Dong/pacegallery.com unless otherwise noted.

Videos

Song Dong explains ‘Waste Not’ at Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013

6min 25sec

Song Dong explains ‘Waste Not’ at Barbican Centre, London, 2012

4min 36sec

Installation of ‘Waste Not’ at MoMA, 2009

1min 50sec

Installation at Carriageworks, Sydney, 2013

1min 46sec

Related works

Related readings

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_Revolution
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