About Yinka Shonibare
Leading UK contemporary artist Yinka Shonibare is an Honored Member of the Order of the British Empire, which is why the moniker MBE has become integral to his title. As one of the most revered and well-recognized contemporary artists in the world today, the name Yinka is synonymous with historical allusions.
What is Shonibare known for?
Shonibare’s amalgamations of noteworthy moments in international and artistic histories imitate his own hybrid Nigerian and British identity. His wax fabrics, which have a complex yet sophisticated pedigree, have truly become his signature, as is evidenced by the artist’s love for exquisite period costumes and headless mannequins that mimic classic scenes from world history.
Why did he create The End of the Empire?
Shonibare created The End of the Empire to commemorate the centenary celebrations for World War One in England. Margate’s Turner Contemporary, the premier gallery in town, commissioned the piece from Shonibare to comment on the balance of power in Somme 1916 that saw almost one million combatants dead or wounded1 in the World War offensive.
The use of textile
The End of Empire was created using Dutch wax fabrics that were historically inspired by Indonesian batiks2. Oddly, these wax fabrics are today part of African authenticity3, and it is no wonder that Yinka has opted to feature them heavily in his creations.
What both figures represent
The End of the Empire featured two Victorian male figures that were both dressed in Victorian costumes4 fashioned from African textiles. Both Victorian men had globe heads representing the opposing sides of World War 1. The alliance by the French and British, as well as that, is the Austro-Hungarians and the Germans are what primarily led to the Battle of Somme5, and this was aptly represented by the slow-moving see-saw that had both foes sitting at each end.
Shonibare spent months of research
To create the piece, Shonibare had to immerse himself in months of extensive reading and research to capture the spirit of imperialism, as well as colonization. This understanding of what occurred in history is what helped the artist to design an installation that could demonstrate the effects of the war in the hopes that people would finally reconcile or finally come to terms with an aspect of history that is only ever told in today’s classrooms. Offering a metaphor of dialogue, conflict, and balance, the End of Empire was designed to finally force a resolution between the two opposing forces of the World Wars.
Video: Interview with Yinka Shonibare MBE
In part owing to his continued experimentation with varying forms of media, Shonibare’s art, even the End of an Empire challenges simple categorization, which is probably why Yinka is so critically acclaimed.