Ai Weiwei uses thousands of bicycles to create sculpture

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Ai Weiwei - Forever Bicycles, 2014

Ai Weiwei – Forever Bicycles, 2014, 1,254 bicycles. Dimensions variable. Installation view, Waller Creek Delta, The Contemporary Austin – Museum Without Walls Program, Austin, Texas, 2017, photo: Brian Fitzsimmons/The Contemporary Austin

Published: January 26, 2018

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Ai Weiwei & bicycles

Bicycles have always featured in Chinese artist Ai Weiwei’s installations. The very first time that Ai used bicycles was in his installation known as Very Yao1 in 2008. As the years have passed, his use of bicycles has only gotten grander as is evident in his piece titled the Forever Bicycles. In Forever Bicycles, Ai used Shanghai-based Forever Company bicycles to make his massive installation. The repetitiveness and the size of the installation were intended to allude to China’s mass production, which is well known to fuel the Chinese manufacturing industry.

The meaning of Forever Bicycles

The artist used Forever Bicycles also partly in recognition of the huge role that bicycles play in Chinese society. Some editions of the work were composed of 10000 bicycles installed in a 10-meter high space in abstract shapes designed to symbolize the social environment in China.

Ai Weiwei - Forever Bicycles, 2011, 2630 x 353 x 957 cm, installation view of Ai Weiwei absent, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, 2011 Oct 29 - 2012 Jan 29

Ai Weiwei – Forever Bicycles, 2011, 2630 x 353 x 957 cm, installation view of Ai Weiwei absent, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, 29 Oct 2011 – 29 Jan 2012

Why did Ai Weiwei use bicycles?

Ai opted to used bikes and not any other object because bicycles were important to him and his community as he was growing up. As a matter of fact, bicycles are still commonly used in China today for transportation so Ai used them because he thought that the audience would relate to them. The use of the forever bikes as a medium had an element of poignancy: that although bikes symbolized freedom and movement in China, the fact that they were stuck together in the piece could point to the status of the Chinese society today.

Different versions of Forever Bicycles

The first version of the Forever Bicycles installed in 2013 featured the suspended Forever bicycles arranged in a circle. Ai made sure to remove all the vital components that make the bike functional such as the seats and pedals, which set the artist on a path of abstraction which later then gave him the opportunity to introduce ambiguity to the subject, as well as play around with different patterns. The statically arranged bicycles also offered an illusion of movement, which was also perhaps another commentary on modern Chinese society as people have come to understand and appreciate it.

Ai Weiwei - Forever Bicycles, installation view, Martin- Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 2014

Ai Weiwei – Forever Bicycles, installation view, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, 2014, photo: Ai Weiwei Studio

Video: Ai Weiwei on the inspiration behind Forever Bicycles

2 min 40 sec


Subsequent versions of the first installation embraced a more manufactured aesthetic which allowed the structures to acquire unique architectural proportions. Ai’s work, which has been exhibited in numerous art spaces across the globe, can be reproduced with any brand of bicycle, which almost helps to point to the collective power of thrift, as well as the beauty that can be found in uniformity.

Different installations

Timelapse video, Royal Academy London, 2015

1 min 9 sec
Forever Bicycles, Toronto, 2013

3 min 40 sec

Video: Bjorn Geldhof about ‘Forever Bicycles’

2 min 20 sec


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