Chris Burden shot in the name of art in iconic performance (video)

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Chris Burden - Shoot
Chris BurdenShoot, 1971
‘At 7:45 p.m. I was shot in the left arm by a friend. The bullet was a copper jacket .22 long rifle. My friend was standing about fifteen feet from me.’ November 19, 1971; performance at F Space, Santa Ana, CA
Photo: Berkeley Art Museum/

Published: November 23, 2016

Last updated:


American sculptor and performance artist, Chris Burden, who was known for his works in the extreme, passed away May 10, 2015. Many of his works were best described as “shocking”, and the radical nature of his work is what set him apart from other twentieth-century American artists. His performance pieces were often depictions of violence in which he was always his own victim: he was crucified to a Volkswagen Beetle, had viewers push pins into his body, was kicked down two flights of stairs, and in the case of the piece being discussed, “Shoot” (1971), he was shot.

How Burden confronted his audience through ‘Shoot’

Burden’s work forces spectators through the shock of the lived imagery not only to review but deeply analyze their moral selves, the profound nature of misery and the undeniable reality of pain. At a time when society has become desensitized to the excess of violent imagery through the media, he pushes the audience to recognize the reality of suffering, agony and desperation.

Video still of Chris Burden's Shoot, 1971
Video still of Chris Burden’s Shoot, 1971 in which the artist was shot in the arm with a .22 rifle.

What happened during Shoot

“Shoot” is 8 seconds of footage, filmed on November 19, 1971, in a gallery located in Santa Ana, California named “F Space.” With only a handful of his friends in attendance, he proceeded with the piece that he had already announced the intention to the editors of an art journal called Avalanche1. With a small number of people in attendance, he performed what was likely his most shocking piece. “Shoot” featured Burden, who was only 25 years old at the time, being shot in the arm at close range by a friend with a rifle. The danger in this piece was obvious, all it took was being off a few inches and Burden could have been killed.

Burden stumbling after being shot

Even Burden wasn’t immune to the shock of being shot in the arm, as he quickly walks off screen. Burden implores viewers to listen to the sound of the empty shell as it collides onto the ground. The imagery of the shot man stumbling forward is one that is difficult to forget.

What happened with the bullet?

The bullet was only supposed to graze Burden’s arm, but the shooter was slightly off target. The bullet went through his arm instead of grazing it. Although the film was only eight seconds long, it burns itself into the mind of the audience breaking through desensitization that is felt by most indifferent viewers.

Video still of Chris Burden's Shoot
Video still of Chris Burden’s Shoot

Aftermath of being shot

Following the performance Burden and his friends were left to deal with the reality of a gunshot wound to the arm. They went to the hospital and had to explain the performance piece to the hospital staff that was left in disbelief. This part of the story is a reminder of the reality of Burden’s work, the reality of the violent brutality he was representing through the self-inflicted violence and resulting injury.

Video still of Chris Burden's Shoot, 1971
Video still of Chris Burden’s Shoot, 1971 in which the artist was shot in the arm with a .22 rifle.

The meaning of the performance

The piece is a reminder of the fundamental reality of our corporeal life and corporeal reality. Reflecting that if the bullet had only moved a few inches in one direction, Burden would have likely been killed and if it had moved a few inches in the other, he wouldn’t have been touched by the bullet. It brings us to the realization that the gun holder had Burden’s life in his hands, just as soldiers in Vietnam held lives in their hands, politicians held the soldiers’ lives in their hands, and so forth.

Burden’s work, so graphic and shocking, was also committed to the re-sensitization of people to the violence that had become less and less shocking due to its constant imagery being invoked in the media while serving to challenge society’s views on what “fine art” truly is.

Chris Burden after his performance Shoot, 1971 at F Space, Santa Ana
Chris Burden injured after his performance Shoot, 1971 at F Space, Santa Ana

All images by Chris Burden Studio/gagosian unless otherwise noted.


This short documentary celebrates Chris Burden’s landmark work ‘Shoot’

4min 40sec

Excerpt from the 2006 documentation BURDEN2

1min 45sec

Location of ‘Shoot’

1514 E Edinger Ave (at Grand)
Santa Ana, CA 92705, USA


More by Chris Burden

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