Ernesto Neto’s Gaia Mother Tree crochet work & 420kg of spices

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: Mark Niedermann for Fondation Beyeler

Introduction

In 2018, the atrium of Zurich’s main station basked in the glory of a giant, colorful installation by the Brazilian contemporary artist Ernesto Neto. The huge Amazon tree-like sculpture stretched from the ceiling to the floor of the Swiss central station, helping set the mood and brighten the travelers’ spirit.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: Mark Niedermann for Fondation Beyeler

It is the star artist’s most stand-out accomplishment of this kind and was packed with stimulating spirituality. Meet the 20-meter high Gaia Mother Tree, which welcomed you into an oasis of meditation in its walk-in interior, with a high-flying contraption of spices towering above the station’s concourse.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9548 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

Gaia Mother Tree

Gaia Mother Tree was a one-of-a-kind art installation and collaborative work of the Brazilian artist Ernesto Neto and Swiss-based Fondation Beyeler. As well as this public installation, the Fondation Beyeler exhibited some of the artist’s previous artworks in its main exhibition hall in Zurich.

Gaia Mother Tree was a monumental sculpture comprising colorful, hand-woven cotton strips. The installation soared a dizzying 20 meters to the ceiling of the elevated station concourse, which made it look like a massive tree from the Amazon forest.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9570 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

This monumental marvel was a walk-through sculpture that served as a spot for meditation, interaction, and meeting. The installation also hosted a schedule of diverse events for children and adults, including lectures, workshops, meditations, music, and guided commentary of Neto’s works.

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Design & materials: 420 kg of spices

Right off the bat, the most impressive thing about Gaia Mother Tree is that it’s entirely hand-made. Colorful cotton strips were hand-knotted together using finger crotchet technology, creating a massive sheer sculpture. The top part of the structure, resembling a treetop, covered the station hall’s ceiling.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9550 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

The lower part of the sculpture, in the form of a tree base, had a spacious room with a circular seating array for travelers to sit, relax, and meet. Drop-esque counterweights packed with seeds and aromatic spices from across the globe dangled from the “tree branches”.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: Mark Niedermann for Fondation Beyeler

In fact, the drop-like elements were filled with well over 420 kilograms (926 pounds) of ground, aromatic spices. They served numerous purposes: the spices filled the ambient station atmosphere with fragrance, gave a whole meaning to the installation, and ensured the large, mesh-like sculpture stayed in place.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9560 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

In total, Neto and his team used 70 kilograms (around 154 pounds) of each black pepper and cumin and 140 kilograms (about 308 pounds) of each clove and turmeric. They all hovered above the walk-in room in the colossal trunk of the tree, inviting locals and visitors alike to linger. Pots filled with sweet-smelling herbs and meditation cushions organized in a circle planted this sanctuary smack dab in the center of the vibrant station hall.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Seating inside of Ernesto Neto’s GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9568 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

Um Sagrado Lugar (A sacred place) shown at the 2017 Venice Biennale provided a preview of this masterpiece, which was one of the biggest creations yet constructed by Neto utilizing this knotting technique. Neto created a spiritual gathering space in the Arsenale with a similar but much smaller net-like installation that was crafted in collaboration with members of the Brazilian indigenous Huni Kuin tribes.

Ernesto Neto - Um Sagrado Lugar (A Sacred Place), 2017, installation view, La Biennale di Venezia 2017
Ernesto Neto – Um Sagrado Lugar (A Sacred Place), 2017, installation view, La Biennale di Venezia 2017, photo: Viva Arte Viva – La Biennale di Venezia (CC BY 2.0) corno.fulgur75

Concept & interpretation

Since 2013, Ernesto Neto’s work has included Huni Kuin’s technical aesthetics and techniques. Beyond all else, Neto’s art has been influenced by the indigenous people’s innate spirituality ever since.

This also applies to his 2018 huge throw, whose title carries the moniker of the primeval mother earth because we are all tied to Gaia by an unseen umbilical cord. Perhaps this should occur to us in light of Neto’s enchantingly floating knotted piece at Zurich’s central station.

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But Gaia Mother Tree can’t be effectively described from the outside – you must have experienced and immersed yourself inside — after, we are all also going to live in this tree. It’s as if people were crawling through a bamboo birth canal and colorful fabric ribbons into the womb of the Gaia tree, which seems like it was transplanted here from the Brazilian rainforest.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: Mark Niedermann for Fondation Beyeler

And you could sit in there, comfortably safe and yet connected to the environment through the see-through-ness of the knitted cover, which remained present around us acoustically and visually.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Visitors mediating inside of Ernesto Neto’s GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9576 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

Meditation became contact with the all-encompassing urban buzz that can only be experienced in an ever-busy railway station concourse under the mother tree. The delicate wafts of aroma from the spice counterweights hanging down like lianas assured you were there and yet a bit isolated from the frenetic everyday life at the station.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree (detail), 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: DSCN9578 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) keepps

This paradoxical simultaneity of elsewhere yet here made us feel more connected, which is what the artist’s installation perhaps also symbolizes in the grand scheme of things. But maybe it is simply the fragrant spice blend that makes you hallucinate a little. Either way, Neto’s Gaia Mother Tree is right on the money.

Sketch for Ernesto Neto's GaiaMotherTree, 2018
Sketch for Ernesto Neto’s GaiaMotherTree, 2018

Gaia Mother Tree examined how the collaborative efforts reflected in the project are at the core of the dialogue about our planet’s future in a context where cultural ideas, projections, and misconceptions are ever-migrating.

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About the Artist: Ernesto Neto

Born in 1964 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Ernesto Neto is one of Brazil’s most acclaimed contemporary artists and, indeed, the rest of Latin America. He broke into the limelight in the 1990s with highly-attractive biomorphic hanging stockings filled with aromatic spices.

Ernesto Neto portrait
Ernesto Neto portrait, photo: Niels Fabaek/Kunsten Museum of Modern Art, Aalborg

His work has been recognized across the globe, with numerous exhibitions in the world’s best museums, including multiple presentations at Venice Biennale. Neto’s significant artworks are part of permanent collections of many art galleries and museums, including the Hara Museum, Tokyo; the Centre Pompidou, Paris; the Tate Modern, London; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and Museum of Modern Art, New York, among others.

His concepts were mainly inspired by the 1960s Brazilian Neo-Concrete movement, not to mention Arte Povera, Conceptual art, and Minimalism. Ecology, humanism and spirituality are some of his main topics, often communicated through techniques and materials never seen before in art.

Ernesto Neto - GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018
Ernesto Neto – GaiaMotherTree, 2018, woven cotton fabric, 420kg of spices (turmeric, cloves, cumin, black pepper), plant seeds, height 20 m., area 40 x 38 m., installation view, Zürich main station, Zürich, Switzerland, 2018, photo: Mark Niedermann for Fondation Beyeler